România - Transylvania - Szekely Land - Brasov
Situated in the heart of Romania, the city of Brasov benefits from the influence of an ancient history.
At the beginning 13th century the Saxons (German population coming from the region of Rhein and Mosel) colonized the region of Brasov, finding here a strong Romanian community.
The genuine character of the city will come from the mixture of two different cultures and mentalities.
The origins of Brasov as a town are lost in the dark times of medieval age.
However it is known that it developed as different communities living here decided to come together into a city it was situated on the present location of the Black Church.
Later on the city was known also as Brasco, Brasso, Stephanopolis, Kronstadt, and Brasov.
However the most popular names of the city are the last two ones.
The 14th century found the Turkish armies just South of the Danube River.
They were frequently attacking the region of Brasov.
This situation determined the citizens of Brasov to start building a strong defensive city wall, fortresses and towers; the work will last till the 18th century.
The town will be now one of the strongest cities in Transylvania.
The various guilds had each its own towers and fortresses that they would have to maintain and defend throughout the centuries.
Today you may see parts of the old city walls or visit the Weavers' Fortress (currently a museum).
The culture of Brasov will also develop during this period.
Johannes Honterus, a great German humanist will work for most of the time in Brasov, and the deacon Coresi will print the first Romanian books here.
Therefore in the 16th century Brasov will host several schools, libraries, and printing houses.
The first half of the 20th century and especially the period following the 1st world war were times when Brasov became the second strongest economical centre of Romania.
However the town was partly destroyed during the bombardments of the 2nd world war.
Fortunately the town recovered every time things went wrong here, mainly because of the outstanding people living here.
Thanks to them we are now able to live here and share this privilege with the visitors of the city.
Initially known as St. Mary's Church, the building was partly destroyed after the great fire in 1689.
Built around 1380, the Black Church is the most representative gothic art monument in Romania.
If you are in Brasov don't miss the weekly organ concerts performed here on the largest organ in South-east Europe.
The old city hall
Initially built as a watch tower, once the city has developed the building was turned into the city hall.
Starting with 1420, when the building was renovated, the local council meetings and all the trials were held here.
Nowadays the building hosts the History Museum of Brasov.
Ecaterina's Gate is one of the oldest original entrance gates in Brasov. You can see it near Poarta Schei.
The citadel of Brasov
Built on the top of a hill starting with 1395, the citadel was one of the strongest defensive citadels in Transylvania.
Today you can have here a lovely Romanian cuisine dinner or just enjoy looking at the collection of medieval weapons found there.
The Weavers' Tower is one of the seven initial watchtowers built round the city walls.
The tower is now a museum and can be visited on the way up on Tampa Mountain.
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